10 Tips for Teachers Using the Station Rotation Model

Teachers are already blowing up my Twitter feed with awesome photos taken during their first few station rotation lessons! It’s exciting to see so many teachers trying this blended learning model and creating opportunities for small group instruction, real-time feedback, collaboration, and differentiated learning.

1) Use your teacher-led station for a range of activities beyond direct instruction. Model a process, provide real-time feedback, conference with students, lead a small group discussion, and create time for Q & A sessions related to your work.

2) Switch up your groups! Sticking students in skill level groups and leaving them there for an extended period of time can be detrimental to their confidence as learners. I understand that it is easier for us to support kids who are all at the same academic level, but it isn’t always what is best for learners. Mixed ability groups, interest-based groups, and strengths in a group dynamics are alternative grouping strategies that you can add to the mix for variety. Click here for more on grouping strategies and organizing groups.

3) Decide on a strategy for transitions. Students can take FOREVER to transition from station to station, so I always recommend explicitly teaching them how to transition. This goes for secondary students too! I like to have my kids organize materials, stand by their chair with materials in hand quietly, and when everyone is standing quietly, they head to the next station. It’s simple and efficient.

4) Project a timer onto your board so students can keep track of the time as they work. I use a free online time that also has a bell that rings at the end of the rotation. It serves as both a visual and auditory cue.

5) Make sure every station has crystal clear directions. Writing out clear directions takes time, but it means you won’t be bombarded by questions when you are trying to work with students at your teacher-led station.

6) Print paper directions (in plastic covers) for offline stations and create online directions (Google doc, class website, LMS) for online work. If students don’t need a device at a station, then I always print offline directions, so the devices do not become a distraction. If students are completing work online, I create a Google document with step-by-step directions, links, and screenshots to help them navigate that online work.

7) Have a strategy ready for kids who are having an off day or distract their peers. This can be as simple as allocating some desks alongside a wall or near your teacher-led station where a student can work in isolation if they are struggling to stay on task or are distracting their peers from the work at a station.

8) Put a “Next Steps” protocol in place so students know what they should do when they are done. You can create a simple list on the board of items kids can complete if they pace through the work more quickly than their peers. For example, my “Next Steps” list always reminds them to return to any work at a previous station that they did not get a chance to complete. I also include items like log into Vocabulary.com and practice our vocabulary words, read and annotate to page X, update your digital notebook, etc. This can eliminate that question, “What do we do if we finished early?”

9) Give yourself permission NOT to grade everything kids do in stations. If you feel pressure to put points on every paper or grade everything kids do in stations, you will not use this model for very long. I have become extremely selective about what I provide feedback on and grade. If I provide feedback, it is because kids are going to use that feedback to improve their work. If I grade something, it is an assessment. A lot of the work my kids do in a station rotation lesson is practice or preparation for an assessment. I don’t grade practice.

10) Mix it up! Variety is the spice of life so don’t let your stations become stagnant. Make sure you try a variety of strategies and technology tools in your different stations. This is more likely to keep kids excited and engaged.

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32 Responses to 10 Tips for Teachers Using the Station Rotation Model

  1. Pingback: Sharing Diigo Links and Resources (weekly) | Another EducatorAl Blog

  2. Tracey says:

    Thank you so much for all your suggestions and tips to make this happen. Do you have any recommendations for activities for offline stations? I loved something you said in a podcast about students collaborating together on a relevant and engaging task but still wrapping my head around possible activities (6th grade). I am in early stages of implementing and of course having some hiccups. ;).

    Thank you again.

    • Hi Tracey,

      Yes, my offline stations take many forms. I’ve listed some examples below.

      Collaborative problem solving
      Makerspace (build to learn)
      Read and annotate
      Pair practice
      Artistic tasks

      Good luck!

  3. Pingback: Classroom Renovation | Form of the Good

  4. Sonya Russell says:

    How many days should teachers change their stations? In other words, is there any research that shows that stations last every two days of the week, and changing activities and lessons for the next two days?

  5. Lenta says:

    Anyone can give me resources about implementation of station rotation model? I am doing class action research now.

  6. Teacherstack says:

    Great advice!

    At http://www.teacherstack.com, we are trying to make station rotations as seamless as possible by utilizing technology. Using the station rotation app, you can configure your groups and stations and then watch as the station rotations run themselves. Consider trying out this free website!

  7. Lesley says:

    Hello! I teach an introduction to science course at the high school level. We are 1:1 with Chromebooks. What would your station rotation model look like in a science class? I am loving all of your ideas but just not sure how to implement them in my classroom.

    • Hi Lesley,

      Below is an example of a station rotation for science. I created a lesson like this with a teacher I was coaching. She actually had 6 stations (2 of each) to keep the number of students in each station to about 5 then they rotated through the three stations in 25-minute rotations.

      Station 1 (offline/online): Students worked collaboratively to read, discuss, and make Quizlet review activities they could use to review concepts and vocabulary during the unit.

      Station 2 (Teacher-led): Lab or STEM experiments with the teacher available to assist as needed.

      Station 3 (online): Students watched a simulation or video and took notes and answered EdPuzzle Questions.

      Hope that helps!


  8. jeri says:

    Can’t wait to explore in the classroom.

  9. Ms. Guzman says:

    Blended Learning seems like it’s the way to go.

  10. Nora Verdin says:

    I like that students shoulder much of the responsibility for their learning in “Station Rotation” modeling of learning. They keep time, they self check themselves, they can monitor their progress and they can engage in different styles of learning.

  11. Trissia Keene says:

    I love the 10 Tips: The Station Rotation Model

  12. velma salinas says:

    The procedures are very similar to those of traditional station but now bringing station up to date with instruction.

  13. Viviana Wendt says:

    I am really interested and would love to see a whole lesson in action.

  14. Gloria Alvarez says:

    Excellent guide- 10 Tips: The Station Rotation Model.

  15. Gloria Alvarez says:

    Each station is best suited to address different levels of learning.

  16. Trissia Keene says:

    Love the tips: !0 Station Rotation Model

  17. Irma Jean Trevino says:

    Impressed with the the 10 tips for Station Rotation

  18. Carla B. Farias says:

    I am excited to get started an try this station rotation.
    We’ll see how it goes !!

  19. Belinda Guajardo-Garcia says:

    I’m very interested and would like to see it in action.

  20. Kim says:

    I like the station rotation because it keeps the student engaged in learning and they don’t seem to get disinterested or bored by moving around to different stations

  21. Isabel Salazar says:

    information how to implement with students with disabilities

  22. juan castillo says:

    Very useful!

  23. Fernesta Martin says:

    great information cant wait to use and learn more about stations

  24. Christi Rodriguez says:

    I would love some tips on a rotation station for Intro Theatre 1. We do not have computers in are black box.

  25. Bryan Woods says:

    What could number 7 look like? Are there multiple management strategies for students who are disrupting the learning of others?

    • Hi Bryan,

      You can have a “floater desk” facing the wall on its own (near the teacher-led station). If a student shows he/she cannot work with peers during a station rotation, they can work on their own at the floater desk. If a student ends up in the floater desk, I ask that they begin by writing their parents an email explaining why they have lost the privilege of working with their peers for the day and reflect on strategies they can use in the future to be more successful.


  26. Allison says:

    What are your suggestions for mixed ability classrooms where some students will not be able to finish the assignment during the timed rotations? I know there is differentiated work that I can give, but there are some students that are just so slow to get going on their work.

    • Hi Allison,

      One of the significant benefits of the station rotation model is that kids have the opportunity (to some degree) to control the pace of their learning. That does mean that you have to prepare for kids who move quickly through the tasks and others that require more time. I recommend that teachers always plan for more time than they think a station will take students. I tend to assume students will complete tasks more quickly than they do, so I round up when it comes to time. I don’t want kids to feel rushed or hit four stations and not complete anything. I also have a “Next Steps” or “Now what” list on the front board with items that they can/should work on when they finish a task at a station. I tell them to return to any work from a previous station that they have not completed. Then I list other activities that would be beneficial, like log into Vocabulary.com and practice your vocabulary, make sure you have read and annotated to page 81, make progress on your grammar playlist.

      I also modify teacher-timed station rotation with “free flow station rotation” where students start at a particular station and then rotate when they complete the task. In that situation, I will tell students which stations they “must” hit and which they can choose to go to if they finish the “must” stations first. This helps me prioritize tasks for particular students, so I might design six stations, but everyone hits three mandatory ones and may elect to go to additional stations for practice or to demonstrate mastery of a particular skill.

      I hope that helps!

  27. Tucker’s ten steps 10 Tips for Teachers Using the Station Rotation Model are effectively condense and clear. One only has to post them in an appropriate space in their room to be easily referenced by the students and the teachers alike.This will consequently afford teacher and students the opportunity to build their understanding of what stations look like,and sound like.

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