My children love “would you rather” questions. Would you rather go to the beach or the snow? Would you rather eat a cookie or a brownie? Would you rather watch a movie or read a book? They enjoy being presented with two options and getting to choose one.

In a workshop last week, I was guiding a group through the process of designing a choice board. I love choice boards, but I know they take time to create. Time is a luxury most teachers do not have right now. It got me thinking…what if we began more simply with a “would you rather” format?

Could approaching the design, instruction, and facilitation of learning (in class, online, or a combination of the two) with a “would you rather” lens improve student motivation and engagement? I think it could.

Instead of a choice board with nine options, teachers can provide students with at least one choice between two options during the learning experience. That requires less time to prepare for, while still giving students a choice. Choice has been shown to improve retention, transfer performance, and motivation (Schneider, Nebel, Beege & Rey, 2018). It is worth our time to prioritize student choice, even if that choice is fairly simple.

Would You Rather?

ThisThat
Read an articleListen to a podcast
Watch a video and complete an Edpuzzle lessonParticipate in teacher-led, small group instruction
Engage in a small group discussionParticipate in an asynchronous online discussion
Work aloneWork in pairs or small groups
Complete a writing task to make connections between conceptsComplete a concept map to show connections between concepts
Conduct online researchInterview a family member or friend
Pen and paper practice or reviewPractice or review with an online program
Take notes or annotateDraw sketchnotes
Record a verbal explanationType a written explanation

Self-Determination Theory identifies three basic psychological needs that impact motivation–competence, relatedness, and autonomy (Deci & Ryan, 2000). Competence is the feeling that students can complete tasks successfully. If students choose how they engage with information, review concepts, work on tasks, or share their learning, they are more likely to feel competent in those endeavors.

Relatedness is the sense of connectedness to the other learners in a class community. Relatedness is trickier to achieve when students are learning online. The feeling of social isolation that some students experience online can negatively impact their motivation and desire to engage. Providing them with the choice to decide how they engage with one another may help them feel more connected to their peers.

Finally, autonomy, or the feeling of independence and ability to make decisions, is supported by choice. The more opportunities students have to make key decisions about their learning, the more likely they are to be motivated to lean into the learning. A student’s sense of autonomy and agency are enhanced when they are given a choice about how to engage with the content, learning activities, and each other.

An Experiment

When I work with teachers, I encourage them to treat their classrooms (physical or virtual) like a laboratory. Our goal should be to investigate, experiment, tinker, and learn to ensure that the learning experiences we are designing meet our students’ diverse needs.

What would happen if we commit to incorporating one choice into every lesson or learning experience for a month? How might that impact the students’ interest, engagement, and motivation?

I encourage teachers to try this 30-day experiment incorporating at least one “would you rather” choice into each lesson or learning experience. I would love to hear what you observe and hear from students. Ask them for feedback!

4 Responses

  1. Thank you for sharing! Would you happen to have a link to slide resources available? I am an Adjunct Instructor and I’m going to use this strategy this week. Thank you for the inspiration! 🙂

  2. I love this idea! I will be presenting at NCCE next month around student engagement and one of the sections is on choice. Could we share your slides as a one of our resources for participants in our session? It’s nice for people to have a visual of where to begin. Thank you so much!
    Jen

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